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Declaration of Independence: Happy Birthday, America!

On this day, JulyDeclarationofIndependence 2, 1776, the Continental Congress unanimously approved to formally declare independence from Great Britain.

Then on July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted a formal statement known as the “Declaration of Independence”, which then is known annually as national holiday in the United States of America.

The wise men in Philadelphia changed the course of history by writing such an amazing document that sparked freedom throughout the world and the stars were dancing in the skies.

We are eternally blessed for the freedoms given to us for the last 239 years and yet the nation is still a young Republic.

Below is the excerpt of the original document that is a must read for all ages.  Happy Birthday, America!

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:
For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.


Georgia:
   Button Gwinnett
   Lyman Hall
   George Walton
North Carolina:
   William Hooper
   Joseph Hewes
   John Penn
South Carolina:
   Edward Rutledge
   Thomas Heyward, Jr.
   Thomas Lynch, Jr.
   Arthur Middleton
Massachusetts:

John Hancock

Samuel Adams
   John Adams
   Robert Treat Paine
   Elbridge Gerry

Maryland:
Samuel Chase
William Paca
Thomas Stone
Charles Carroll of Carrollton

Virginia:
George Wythe
Richard Henry Lee
Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Harrison
Thomas Nelson, Jr.
Francis Lightfoot Lee
Carter Braxton

Pennsylvania:

Robert Morris
Benjamin Rush
   Benjamin Franklin
   John Morton
   George Clymer
   James Smith
   George Taylor
   James Wilson
   George Ross

Delaware:
   Caesar Rodney
   George Read
   Thomas McKean

New York:
   William Floyd
   Philip Livingston
   Francis Lewis
   Lewis Morris

New Jersey:
   Richard Stockton
   John Witherspoon
   Francis Hopkinson
   John Hart
   Abraham Clark

New Hampshire:
   Josiah Bartlett
   William Whipple

Matthew Thornton

Rhode Island:
   Stephen Hopkins
   William Ellery

Connecticut:
   Roger Sherman
   Samuel Huntington
   William Williams
   Oliver Wolcott

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Irvine Council Stalls Business License Tax Elimination

CityofIrvineThe Irvine City Council took up Item 5.1 by Councilman Jeff Lalloway to consider the elimination of the business license tax.

Currently, the $51 business license tax is imposed on all big and small businesses in the City of Irvine.

In a memo to Irvine City Manager, Councilman Lalloway says, “In an effort to make Irvine an even friendlier place to do business and to eliminate a wasteful and inefficient regressive tax on businesses, I am proposing that we terminate the city’s business license program.”

Councilman Lalloway makes the point that the tax is imposed on large businesses like Allegran or Broadcom, but it also must be paid for by small and home-based businesses as well.

According to Councilman Lalloway the city of Irvine has collected $951,879 from businesses on the tax and in turn spends $604,920 to administer the program.

The Irvine City Council voted 3-1 to continue the discussion of the business license tax elimination for the next 30 days, Councilman Lalloway was the lone vote against the motion.  Councilwoman Lynn Schott was absent.

Irvine Finance Commissioner Allan Bartlett posted his concerns via Facebook:  “Very disappointed in our Mayor tonight. We couldn’t even muster the votes to eliminate a small $51 business tax in Irvine.”

Councilman Lalloway says that he hopes to return to the residents $1 million in completely unnecessary taxes in a wasteful program.

However, the program does have defenders such as Irvine Planning Commissioner Anthony Kuo who says, “At the end of the day, this will be discussed again at another time. I’m in support of keeping the program, and exploring the costs associated.”

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Assemblywoman Chang Proposes Increase Homeowner’s Exemption

LingLingChangAssemblywoman Ling-Ling Chang (R-Diamond Bar) introduced legislation AB 476 that would increase homeowner’s exemption from $7,000 to $25,000 and increase the renter’s tax credit by giving relief for those who aspire to own a home.

“Home ownership is a central component of the American Dream but it not something that every American is able to achieve,” said Assemblywoman Chang. “The cost of owning a home does not end at the initial purchase. The cost of maintaining that home combined with the numerous tax burdens that come with it can eliminate home ownership from the realm of possibilities for the average citizen. AB 476 will modernize a portion of California’s tax code to ease that burden and help more people plant their routes here in California.”

Assemblywoman Chang’s office says that the non-partisan Tax Foundation ranks California 19th out of 50 states in per capita property tax collections.  Furthermore, Chang’s office states that, “The homeowners’ exemption has not been changed in forty years, when the median price for a home was just $21,000. Meanwhile, the modern day price for a home has increased astronomically to $450,000 and is continuing to rise.”

However, legislative efforts to make any changes to the homeowner exemption hasn’t been successful and the $7,000 exemption has been intact since 1968.

In March of 2010, then-Senator Mimi Walters (R-Laguna Niguel) introduced SB 1430 that would increase the homeowner’s exemption for those over the age of 62 from $7,000 to $27,000 of assessed value.  SB 1430 was placed in the suspense file by the Senate Committee on Revenue and Taxation on May 13, 2010.

In April of 2007, then-Assemblywoman Audra Strickland (R-Thousand Oaks) introduced AB 293 that would have increased the homeowner’s exemption from $7,000 to $22,000 plus indexed to inflation.  On February 1, 2008, AB 293 was placed in the inactive file by the Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation.

In February of 2007, then-Assemblyman Ted Gaines (R-Roseville) introduced AB 388 that would have increase much further amount from Assemblywoman Stickland’s bill homeowner exemption from $7,000 to $25,000 but not indexed to inflation.  AB 388 was placed in the inactive file by the Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation on February 1, 2008.

In January 2003, then-Assemblyman Bob Dutton (R-Rancho Cucamonga) introduced AB 82 that would also have increased the homeowner’s exemption from $7,000 to $32,000 plus indexed to inflation.  On February 2, 2004, AB 82 was placed in the inactive file by the Assembly Committee on Revenue and Taxation.

In 2002, the Howard Jarvis Taxpayer’s Association began the process of circulating signatures through initiative process that would increase the homeowner’s exemption from $7,000 to $32,000 plus indexed to inflation, but such efforts was ended in the fall of 2002.

It remains to be seen if Assemblywoman Chang’s AB 476 will go through the legislative hurdle as she may witness a stumbling block because Senator Bob Hertzberg (D-Van Nuys) is proposing SB 8 to revamp California’s tax code, which has already raised concerns via article “The Hertzberg Plan:  Tax Reform at a Cost?” written by Joel Fox of Fox and Hounds last month.

ALERT: Former Assemblyman Donnelly Says No To Senate Candidacy

TimDonnellyFormer Assemblyman Tim Donnelly (R-Twin Peaks, District 33) announced that he will not be a candidate for the 21st State Senate seat being vacated by Rep.-Elect Steve Knight (R-Palmdale, District 25):

After a great deal of soul-searching, prayer and conversation with family, friends and potential constituents, I have decided that I will not seek election to the 21st State Senate seat which will be vacated by Steve Knight early next year.  It has been a tremendous honor to represent the people of the 33rd District in the Assembly.  I look forward to spending more time with my family while my boys are still living at home, and am excited about future opportunities to serve–political and otherwise that lie ahead.  Thank you for all of your support and well-wishes you’ve sent me since leaving office.  

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New Adventure

We are pleased to take this new step of an exciting and new adventure by presenting critical political news in California and beyond to a hungry civic-minded audience that demands objective reporting regardless of political persuasion.

The Ca Political Juice (CPJ) motto is “We slices the truth and squeezes the truth” by presenting you raw political stories that is of importance, because you demands the truth.

We will hold the highest integrity by reporting the facts and just the facts.

The CPJ blog will always be evolving with new ideas to make sure we keep up the current trends and demand by our audience:  You!

We welcome your input.

Many Thanks,

Allen J. Wilson

Editor/Publisher, CaPoliticalJuice.com

 

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